Mental disorders are mental or behavioral conditions that disrupt a person’s mental health, leading to problems in their everyday life. Mental disorders can be caused by many things, like genetics and brain chemistry. They also vary depending on age and gender. But the most important factor is how mental disorders affect people’s lives; mental disorder treatments should always focus on what works for the individual.
The following 2 types of mental disorder will help you understand more about mental illness:
Schizophrenia is the mental disorder that most people are familiar with. It’s characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and behavior, and a lack of emotional responsiveness. The word schizophrenia means “split mind” in Greek; it was coined by Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler in 1908 after observing mental illness for some time.
The first signs of schizophrenia usually appear during adolescence or early adulthood. In rare cases, they can start during childhood but these children may be misdiagnosed with autism spectrum disorders because their symptoms are similar to those found in kids on the autism spectrum: social withdrawal from peers, unusual preoccupations or rituals, language difficulties such as echolalia (repeating words spoken by others), not pointing at objects to show interest.
The mental disorder is often misdiagnosed because it can be confused with mood disorders, which are mental illnesses that cause depression, anxiety and other emotional problems. A mental health professional needs special training in order to properly diagnose mental disorders like schizophrenia.
Schizophrenia affects more than 2 million people in the U.S. and more than 100,000 in Canada. A mental disorder with similar symptoms is schizoaffective disorder, which develops in some people who have schizophrenia but also suffer from mood disorders. Schizophrenia cannot be cured but mental health care can help manage the symptoms of the disorder so that a person can live a healthy life.
Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that causes extreme mood swings.
People with bipolar will experience periods of mania and depression. Mania can include feelings of euphoria, increased energy, decreased need for sleep, racing thoughts, and a reduced sensitivity to pain or emotions. It may also involve delusional beliefs about one’s self or the world around them. Depression symptoms can include sadness, lack of enjoyment in activities once found pleasurable, changes in appetite or weight gain/loss as well as thoughts of suicide or death. These symptoms are not just mental but physical as well too! Bipolar disorder is different from being simply “high-strung” because it involves both high and low extremes with no stability in between–and without proper treatment, it can be deadly.
Manic-depressive illness or bipolar disorder is one of the mental disorders that often changes your mood, energy level and ability to function in daily life. About 2 percent of adults (1.4 million) in the United States develop bipolar disorder each year, according to health care information from the National Institute of Mental Health. The mental illness can cause you to swing from periods of mania, where you may feel happy and full of energy, to depression, where you’re too tired or sad to get out of bed.