Bipolar Disorder is a mental disorder that causes mood swings or periods of feeling high and happy followed by periods of feeling low and depressed. The good news is that this disorder can be treated with medications and psychotherapy. This blog will discuss the types, causes, symptoms, treatment options for this condition.
There are three types of disorder: bipolar I, II, and cyclothymia.
Disorder I: This is the most severe type of disorder. People with bipolar 1 disorder have mood swings that reach full-blown mania. Mania is a state of high energy and happiness that can cause someone to act impulsively and make poor decisions.
Disorder II : This type of disorder is less severe than bipolar 1 disorder. People with disorder II have mood swings that reach hypomania. Hypomania is a state of high energy and happiness, but it does not cause someone to act impulsively or make poor decisions the way mania does.
Cyclothymia: Cyclothymia is when someone has milder mood swings, but they are frequent. They alternate between hypomania and depression.
Genetic makeup may play a role in this disorder because it tends to run in families. However, environmental factors are also thought to influence the development of this condition. Certain events in life might trigger in some people, but not in others. These include relationship problems, the death of a loved one, divorce, or financial loss. This Disorder is also associated with drug abuse that includes cocaine and amphetamines.
The symptoms of bipolar disorder can vary depending on which type is present. People with disorder I tend to have more severe symptoms than those with disorder II do over shorter periods. Mania symptoms can include: feeling very happy or high, being extremely active, talking a lot and quickly, having racing thoughts, being irritable or aggressive, feeling powerful or important, and risky behavior such as gambling, reckless driving, and sexual promiscuity. Some people also have delusions and hallucinations during a manic phase. Depression symptoms can include: feeling sad or hopeless, having no interest in activities once enjoyed, feeling tired all the time, changes in appetite (usually eating more or less), difficulty concentrating, suicidal thoughts, or attempts.
Treatment: Treatment for bipolar disorder usually involves a combination of medications and psychotherapy. Medications used to treat bipolar disorder include mood stabilizers like lithium and anticonvulsants like valproate. Psychotherapy can help people learn how to manage their mood swings and deal with triggers. It can also help them understand and cope with the effects of bipolar disorder on their lives.
If you or a loved one is experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned in this blog, please seek medical help. Bipolar Disorder is a treatable condition, but it is important to get help early to prevent further damage. Thank you for reading!